NEWARK, N.J. — Americans enjoying newfound liberty are expected to travel and gather for cookouts, fireworks, concerts and beach outings over the Fourth of July weekend in numbers not seen since pre-pandemic days.
Yet lingering restrictions, worker shortages and significant numbers of unvaccinated people mean some may not be as free as they would like to be.
And there are fears that the mixing of large numbers of vaccinated and unvaccinated Americans at a time when the highly contagious delta variant is spreading rapidly could undo some of the progress made against the scourge.
Beaches and lakefronts are expected to be packed as well. In Southern California, Huntington Beach is planning one of the biggest celebrations on the West Coast, a three-day festival that could bring in a half-million people.
At the same time, airlines have been struggling to get enough crew members to fly their planes. Pools and beaches have been hit with a shortage of lifeguards. And restaurants and bars in tourist destinations have had to scale back hours because of a lack of help.
“I’m going to celebrate it,” Biden said Friday ahead of the holiday. “There’s great things happening. … All across America, people are going to ballgames, doing good things.” But he also warned that “lives will be lost” because of people who didn’t get vaccinated.
AAA forecasts that more than 47 million people will travel by car or plane this weekend in the U.S., a return to 2019 levels and 40% higher than last year. That includes 3.5 million airline passengers.
At the Newark, New Jersey, airport, travelers waited in long check-in lines Wednesday and encountered flight delays that tested their patience. Some were just happy to get on a plane after vacation plans were disrupted last year by COVID-19 restrictions.
Rhetta Williams, a 54-year-old manager at a pharmaceutical company, was traveling to Charleston, South Carolina, for a family reunion with about 50 relatives that was postponed a year ago because of the virus.
“And we’re not going to be practicing any social distancing,” she said, laughing.
While masks have been shed around the country even in indoor spaces, the Transportation Security Administration emphasizes that they are still required at airports and on planes.
Williams is confident of the effectiveness of such safeguards and the shots she got.
“I’m fully vaccinated, so I go with that, and I just take my safety measures,” she said.
Zach Carothers, a 21-year-old computer science student, came the opposite direction, flying from the University of South Carolina to Newark for a weekend at the Jersey Shore, where people have been flocking back following the easing of restrictions.
“It’s nice to get back to it after quarantining for so long. It’s nice to see people out,” Carothers said, adding that he is looking forward to a vacation that “will definitely have celebratory beers.”
To keep enough workers to meet demand, Southwest Airlines offered double pay for flight attendants and other employees who agree to extra work through Wednesday. Unions at Southwest and American Airlines said management did not act quickly enough to retain and retrain pilots after furloughs and retirements spurred by the pandemic.
Not everyone is accepting the continuing safety restrictions gracefully. Airlines are reporting increasing cases of disruptive passengers refusing to wear masks.
Fireworks are likely to draw some of the biggest crowds many communities have seen in months.
“Outdoor stuff remains, I think, pretty safe for unvaccinated or vaccinated people,” said Dr. Ashish Jha, dean of Brown University’s School of Public Health. “Probably a packed outdoor concert is not ideal, but short of that, outdoor activity is safe for people. Watching fireworks is fine.”
So long as everyone stays outside.
“With soaring temperatures in many places, I’m nervous more folks will move their parties and events indoors, which does pose a risk,” said Dr. Saskia Popescu, an infectious disease expert at George Mason University.
In many parts of the U.S., people are becoming too lax about the virus, said Dr. Lynn Goldman, dean of George Washington University’s school of public health. Some states have less than half their population fully vaccinated.
“I’m concerned about most of the country,” Goldman said. “I think it’s premature to declare it over, especially because of what we see in other parts of the world.”
But Dr. Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, said the fully vaccinated are OK to gather with other fully vaccinated people.
“Get on the deck, have a great barbecue, enjoy the Fourth,” he said.
Associated Press Writers David Koenig in Dallas and Andrew Dalton in Los Angeles contributed. Murphy reported from Indianapolis.